Islam teaches us that God is the most forgiving
وَيَتُوبَ اللَّهُ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ ۗ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ غَفُورًا رَحِيمًا
And Allah will redeem the believers, men and women. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful
Islam teaches us that God is the most forgiving, and will go on forgiving, repeatedly. Part of being human is making mistakes. Sometimes the mistakes are made without deliberation or a bad intention, but sometimes we knowingly and deliberately sin and do wrong to others. Therefore as human beings, we are constantly in need of forgiveness.
Whenever a person commits a sin, he alone is responsible for that sin. Every person is responsible for his or her own actions. Consequently, no human being who has ever lived is responsible for the mistakes made by Adam and Eve. God says in the Quran:
“And no bearer of burdens shall bear another’s burden.”
Adam and Eve made a mistake, they repented sincerely, and God in His infinite wisdom forgave them. Humankind is not doomed to be punished, generation after generation. The sins of the father are not visited upon the sons.
“Then they both ate of that tree, and so their private parts appeared to them, and they began to stick on themselves the leaves from Paradise for their covering. Thus did Adam disobey his Lord, so he went astray. Then his Lord chose him, and turned to him with forgiveness and gave him guidance.”
If one falls into sin, all that is required is sincere repentance followed by seeking God’s forgiveness. When a person sins he or she pushes themselves away from the mercy of God, however sincere repentance brings a person back to God.
( As for those who commit sins, and then repent afterwards and believe — your Lord, thereafter, is Forgiving and Merciful )
The Quran 7:153
Just because you fall or commit a sin, doesn’t mean you’re evil. It shows you’re human. But how you fix yourself thereafter is what matters most.
( Surely good deeds wipe out evil deeds )
The Quran 11:114
When God sees the sincere repentance from one of the believers — a person who truly turns God with both fear and hope — He not only forgives the sin, but He replaces the sins with rewardable good deeds. This is from God’s infinite mercy.
( Then your Lord — for those who did evil because of ignorance, then repented after that and corrected themselves — surely your Lord is, after all that, Most-Forgiving, Very-Merciful )
The Quran 16:119
We have also seen that although Adam and Eve sinned, they repented and God immediately forgave them. Since they were freely forgiven by their Lord, there is no burden of collective sin, passed on to the whole human race by our first ancestors, which affects every newborn baby as it comes from its mother’s womb, and from which all must be saved. Rather, each human being comes into this life with a pure, wholesome nature and a clean slate. As God proclaims,
( We surely created the human being in the best of moulds)
(95:4; also 20:50)
For it is our inner state and deeds that bring us near to or take us far from our Lord. Salvation is conferred by God’s grace and mercy, not through the sacrifice or vicarious atonement of any intermediary. And each individual’s accounting is directly with God.
No bearer of burdens can bear another’s burden, and if one who is heavily burdened [with sins} calls another to bear his load, he will not be able to bear any of it [for him}, even if he is a close relative . … And whoever attains purity attains it only for his own soul. And the destination is to God. (35:18; also 2:286; 6:164; 17:15; 39:7; 53:38)
Since God is endlessly kind, loving, merciful, forgiving and the acceptor of repentance, the notion of Original Sin is a denial of His infinitely beneficent attributes, a negation of His Reality. Without question, the most generous, gracious Lord is able to freely forgive His servants without having to sacrifice the noblest of His creation in order to do so. And the Most Merciful repeatedly assures us that He forgives, out of His endless grace and compassion, whomever He wills. No matter what we may have done, His forgiveness is there for the asking.
( And seek forgiveness from God. Truly, He is the Most Forgiving, the Most Merciful ) (4:106)
( The one who does evil or wrongs his own soul, and then asks God’s forgiveness, will find Him Most Forgiving, Most Merciful ) (4:110)
(It is He who accepts repentance and forgives the evil [deeds], and He knows whatever you do )
(42:25; also 20:82)
Muslims reject the Christian claim that an innocent man had to die on the cross to save sinners from punishment. To demand the price of blood in order to forgive people’s sins demonstrates complete lack of mercy, and to punish a guiltless person is undoubtedly the height of injustice. The idea that innocent babies or children are sinful sounds completely absurd to a believer who knows that Islam is about original forgiveness not original sin. Humankind, according to Islam is born in a state of purity, without sin and naturally inclined to worship and praise God. However, human beings are also given freewill and are thus capable of making mistakes and committing sins; they are even capable of committing great evil.
God is Merciful. Jesus, like all other prophets, taught that we can earn salvation by obedience, repentance, and good deeds to help others.
No sacrifice is necessary for salvation.
No bloodshed is necessary for salvation.
No savior should die for the salvation of others; everyone is responsible for his own salvation. Jesus has confirmed the same in Matthew 6:14–15, Mark 11:25, and Luke 6:37. To demand the price of blood in order to forgive people’s sins demonstrates complete lack of mercy, and to punish a guiltless person is undoubtedly the height of injustice. Every person is responsible for his or her own actions (Ezekiel 18:1–24).
Original Sin and Salvation : Muslim perspective
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Allah knows best.